Rome - Maitri Global Education


Rome is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the homonymous province and of the region of Lazio. With 2.8 million residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi), it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fifth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Between 3.2 and 3.8 million people live in the urban area. and 4,194,068 in Rome metropolitan area. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber within the Lazio region of Italy. Rome is referred to as "The Eternal City", a notion expressed by ancient Roman poets and writers.

Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe. In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of western civilization. Since the 1st century AD, Rome has been considered the seat of the Papacy and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.

Rome is the only city in the world to contain in its interior a whole state, the enclave of Vatican City: for this reason it has been often defined as capital of two states.

After the Middle Ages, Rome was ruled by popes such as Alexander VI and Leo X, who transformed the city into one of the major centers of the Italian Renaissance along with Florence. The current version of St Peter's Basilica was built and the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo. Famous artists and architects, such as Bramante, Bernini and Raphael resided for some time in Rome, contributing to its Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

In 2007, Rome was the 11th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.The city is one of Europe's and the world's most successful city "brands", both in terms of reputation and assets. Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Monuments and museums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the world's most visited tourist destinations with both locations receiving millions of tourists a year.


  • City Police Rome: 06 67691
  • Central Police Station (Rome): 06 4686
  • Highway Police: 06 22101
  • Italian Red Cross (Ambulance Emergency): 06 5510
  • First Aid at Home (evening and holidays): 06 58201030
  • Blood Transfusion: 06 49970860/1
  • Poison Control: 06 490663
  • Anti-Drug Centre: 840 002 244
  • Automobile Club Road Service: 803116
  • Motorcycle/Scooter Towing Service (24/24hr): 800 300 411, 330 300 411
  • Taxi: 063570, 068822, 065551, 06 6645
    Night Pharmacies (chemists) in Rome
  • Farmacia della Stazione, piazza Cinquecento 51, Rome: 06 4880019
  • Farmacia Internazionale, piazza Barberini 49, Rome: 06 4825456
  • Piram, via Nazionale 228, Rome: 06 4880754
  • Tre Madonne, via Bertoloni 5, Rome: 06 8073423
  • Brienza, piazza Risorgimento 44, Rome: 06 39738186
  • Christo Re dei Ferrovieri, Termini (open to 22:00): 06 4880776
  • Brienza, piazza Risorgimento 44, Rome (24 hrs): 06 39738186
  • Farmacia Internazionales Capranica, Piazza Capranica 96, Rome (stocks UK, US and other prescription brands)
    06 6794680
  • Farmacia Doricchi, Via Venti Settembre 47, Rome (stocks UK, US other prescription brands)
    06 4873880
  • For additional pharmacies on duty and duty pharmacies outside the City of Rome, please check the local newspaper or look for a notice on the pharmacy door for a list of duty pharmacies and doctors on local call.
    Hospitals in Rome with Emergency Facilities
  • Rome American Hospital Via Emilio Longoni, 00155 Rome: 06 22551
  • Ospedale Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital PioXII Building, 4 p. S. Onofrio, Rome: 06 68592351
  • San Camillo, circ. Gianicolense: 06 58701
  • San Carlo, via Aurelia 275: 06 633606
  • San Filippo, via Martinotti: 06 33061
  • San Filippo, via Martinotti: 06 33061
  • San Giacomo, via Canova: 06 36261
  • San Giovanni, via Amba Aradam 8: 06 77051
    City of Rome
  • The City of Rome has a Call Centre offering information about transport, public office hours, documents, garbage disposal, and more. This service is available 24 hours a day in Italian and Monday to Friday from16:00-19:00 in English.

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